Dr Edwin Y. Endo, Optometrist

We are the leading Provider in Eye Care and highly regarded professional Optometry establishment in honolulu for the entire family where Quality eye exams are Affordable with Excellence. Diplomate, American Board Certified Optometrists, Eye Doctor 

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CDC: Cancer Death Rates Decreased, Heart Disease Deaths Rose

Link   "Disparate trends in cancer and heart disease death rates occurred despite the fact that these two causes of death share many common risk factors," Curtin writes.

Thyroid Hormone Treatment for Subclinical Hypothyroidism


Levothyroxine is the fourth most commonly prescribed medication in America. This guideline should push it down the list and maybe encourage us to explore how we can support innate thyroid function more.

Other recommendations to support thyroid function (not included in the guideline)

  • Ensure adequate iodine intake (but not too much). Good nutritional sources include sea vegetables, potato skins, iodized salt, and milk.
  • Consume key nutrients needed to make thyroid hormone, including selenium, zinc, vitamin A, iron, and L-tyrosine. Most of these are found in a plant-based diet with nuts.
  • Ensure an adequate sleep–wake cycle.
  • Reduce perception of stress.
  • Have an active lifestyle with regular movement.

Ideal thyroid function is more a result of what we do so we can take less.

Guide to Eye Cancers

Link     ct scan revealing cancer in eye

What are the benefits of CBD — and is it safe to use?


Currently, the only CBD product approved by the Food and Drug Administration is a prescription oil called Epidiolex. It's approved to treat two types of epilepsy. Aside from Epidiolex, state laws on the use of CBD vary. While CBD is being studied as a treatment for a wide range of conditions, including Parkinson's disease, schizophrenia, diabetes, multiple sclerosis and anxiety, research supporting the drug's benefits is still limited.

CBD use also carries some risks. Though it's often well-tolerated, CBD can cause side effects, such as dry mouth, diarrhea, reduced appetite, drowsiness and fatigue. CBD can also interact with other medications you're taking, such as blood thinners.

Another cause for concern is the unreliability of the purity and dosage of CBD in products. A recent study of 84 CBD products bought online showed that more than a quarter of the products contained less CBD than labeled. In addition, THC was found in 18 products.

CANNABIS 101 CBD vs. THC: What’s the Difference?


What Are the Medical Benefits of CBD?

The list of conditions CBD may help with is ever-expanding. Here are some of the most common conditions and symptoms patients combat with CBD:

  • Epilepsy and seizure disorders
  • Pain and inflammation
  • PTSD and anxiety
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Opioid withdrawal

Though clinical and anecdotal evidence suggests CBD’s benefits in managing different conditions, it became most famous for treating a rare and debilitating form of pediatric epilepsy. Dravet’s Syndrome is notoriously resistant to current approved treatment methods. Sufferers are plagued by seizures, often up to hundreds a day, that worsen as they age and can be life-threatening. Currently, treatment methods include having the child wear an eyepatch, specialized diets, and brain surgery, but all have mixed success rates.



Polarized Glasses May Help in Symptomatic Cases of Intraocular Lens Glistenings



  • Patients with IOL glistenings who were experiencing significant visual disturbances 6 months after implantation of a hydrophobic acrylic monofocal, multifocal, or toric IOL for cataract were included in this study. The use of blue-blocking filters and polarized sunglasses significantly improved the negative effects of the visual disturbances.
  • To reduce the effects of this complication, the authors suggest that a selection of IOLs which are made of "glistening-free biomaterials” can be considered.

– Kathleen Freeman, OD, FAAO

Atorvastatin Has a Dose-Dependent Beneficial Effect on Kidney Function and Associated Cardiovascular Outcomes Journal of the American Heart Association



  • Kidney function predicts kidney and cardiovascular outcomes, and it is possible that statins may benefit kidney function because they lower cardiovascular risk. This post hoc analysis of data from six trials examined outcomes in patients treated with atorvastatin 10 mg daily, atorvastatin 80 mg daily, or a placebo. All three groups showed improvement in the slopes of serum creatine reciprocals representing measures of kidney function change. An analysis of data from one study found statistically significant differences in slope between the two atorvastatin treatment groups. A Cox proportional hazards model using slope as a predictor showed a significant negative association between kidney function and cardiovascular outcomes.
  • This analysis suggests that atorvastatin is beneficial for kidney function and lowers cardiovascular risk. Additionally, regardless of treatment, patients with better kidney function improvement had lower cardiovascular risk.

Habitual Glucosamine Use Linked to Reduced Risk for CVD Events


Risks reduced for total cardiovascular disease events, CVD death, coronary heart disease, and stroke

  • HealthDay

Risk Factors for Disease Progression in Low-Teens Normal-Tension Glaucoma



  • Using the Cox proportional hazards model, risk factors for progression of normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) were identified in patients with intraocular pressure (IOP) that was in the low teens. There was a significant association between factors such as diurnal IOP at baseline (P=.004), fluctuation of diastolic BP (P=.002), and the presence of optic disc hemorrhage (P=.001) at follow-up and NTG progression.
  • More than one-third of patients with low IOP and NTG experienced progression of disease within 10 years.

– Raza M. Shah, MD

The Surprising, First Warning Sign of Alzheimer’s

Link   alzheimers

The stories about a grandma getting lost on the way home from the grocery store, or the grandpa who relies on GPS to get to his daily coffee shop are more than just anecdotes. There’s research that backs this real evidence of people losing their way that indicates a bigger problem.

Problems navigating new surroundings crop up before memory loss, and long before any clinical diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease, according to a recent study published in the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease

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